Experience Labin - Rabac

Mine Tour: The Republic of Labin

The armed uprising of the miners of the Labin region from 1921, known as the "The Republic of Labin" (Labinska republika), was the first organized anti-fascist uprising in the world and the first socialist experiment of workers' self-government in the Mediterranean.

After the strike was announced, the miners occupied the mine and organized self-government, continuing to produce and sell coal for themselves, defending themselves with weapons.

"The Republic of Labin" lasted 37 days and the people involved were miners of different ethnic groups: Croats, Italians, Slovenes, Czechs, Slovaks, Hungarians, Poles. Workers' solidarity did not know national origin.

»» Experience of mining heritage and tradition


  • The Mine Tour project addresses the challenge of the untapped tourist potential of a mining heritage. The Šoht cultural monument in Labin and the natural monument of the Sitarjevec mine in Litija (Slovenia) are connected by a cross-border connection and a common mining past. As part of the project, a tourist itinerary was developed that connects the mining heritage of both cities.