Olive Varieties

Indigenous varieties


Local Istrian cultivar. Found in almost all old groves in Buje, Rovinj, Vodnjan, Labin. Synonyms include Domaća, Bilica, Rovinješka, Bilica, Žutica.

Agro biological properties
Medium size and vigour, with erect branches and tight foliage with leafless branches. Fruit bearing branches are short with short internodes. Leaves are short and tapered. Olives are small (2,2g) and oval. At the beginning of maturation, drupes are yellow-green, turning shrivelled and wine-red or even black at full maturation. Considering the length of the maturation period, this cultivar is of average earliness.

Fruit bearing
Regular and good.

Mostly heterogamous (bearing two different types of flowers).

Resistance to adversities
Resists bacterial olive knot and trunk rot. Sensitive to sooty mould, peacock (or eye) spot (spilocea oleagina) and Rhynchites cribipennis.

Quality of the oil
Clear and spicy, with intense and delicate bitterness and a hint of sweetness.


Introduced varieties

Principal olive varieties